在大多数情况下, 经营者提供人员或财产空运以补偿或出租, the Federal Aviation Regulations (FARs) require that a commercial operating certificate be issued. Operators of business aircraft that wish to conduct operations for compensation or hire are generally certificated under 部分135 of the FARs. 作为证书持有实体, the operator must comply with a number of FAA requirements regarding areas such as flight operations, 维护和培训.

合格的随需应变的操作

除了创建第91部分的子部分K, the Final Rule “Regulation of Fractional Aircraft Ownership Programs and On-Demand Operations” changes certain 部分135 regulations. 14 CFR 135.4定义了一种新的运营商类型,称为“合格的按需操作”.” An eligible on-demand operation is allowed more lenient destination airport effective runway length performance and the opportunity to conduct an instrument approach at an airport with no weather reporting with certain qualifiers. 这些替代方案仅对符合条件的按需操作可用. One requirement of an eligible on-demand operation is that the flightcrew must consist of at least two qualified pilots.